Archive for February, 2011

Pluto, the lost God and dwarf Planet

Once belonging to a second class of Gods, Pluto was recently expelled from its still powerfully position

Of course I do mean Pluto, the planet, from our solar system and not really Pluto the Roman God of the Underworld (euphemistic name for Hades) or Pluto the wellknown dog.

It was a hard fight. As Pluto belonged historical to our solar system as any other planet we know, it was a sad yet perhaps necessary decision to decide if Pluto still belongs to our system or not. In other words, if Pluto was worth to be called a planet.

Unfortunately not. According the new reclassification, this outer planet is just a little bit too small to be accepted by those bigger planets although some scientists still believe Pluto should be count as a planet. Pluto is thus only just a handful stones compressed together. How sad.

Pluto has only a diameter of 2,306 (+/- 20) km, a mass of roughly 0.2% that of the Earth and a very eccentric Orbit which brings him periodically closer to the Sun than Neptune. That means, Pluto is actually a tramp. You can find Pluto normally in the Kuiper belt (a somewhat stable ring of objects), were he was since the beginning of forming our solar system. There he is truly the largest member. Perhaps still a God.

Pluto probably doesn’t mind. He was alone since ever and hardly has been contacted by others. He could not even speak to himself. As a small, not fully developed planet he was, the bigger ones ignored him totally.

But Pluto actually has a satellite, called Charon and builds thus a binary system in itself. So in fact, he is not orbiting fully alone. Mostly unknown, he has in addition even two smaller moons called Nix and Hydra who were discovered only in 2005; orbiting the systems barycenter (Orbital radius) at 48,700 kilometres and at 64,800 kilometres, respectively.

Pluto’s has also an atmosphere contains nitrogen, methane and carbon monoxide gases which are derived from the ices on its surface. Yet Pluto is cold, about -230 Grad Celsius. No place to enjoy.

It could happen that the specification what a planet actually is, may change in the future again, but don’t count on it soon. Pluto as the 9th planet seems to be lost forever, although you still can find him if you have the right equipment. Pluto itself did not mind.

The Kuiper belt, his home, is perhaps a much more interesting place than the Earth for him. The sun itself doesn’t help much either, her energy hardly scratches that outer dwarf planet.

We have virtually lost our dark planet, however small, but Pluto as a fearful God remains in our myths and minds forever. It is however interesting to know that the name Pluto for the now dwarf planet was proposed by Venetia Burney, an eleven-year-old schoolgirl (and accepted in 1930). Who would have thought about that?

pluto, charon, kuiper belt, dwarf planet, dark planet, hades, myths, nix and hydra moons, solar system

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© 2011, Article-Athenaeum – Another Point Of Views. All rights reserved worldwide.

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 21, 2011 at 3:35 pm

Categories: Facts.Science   Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Garum, Nam Pla and Worcestershire Sauce – Ancient and Modern Cuisine

Garum and Nam Pla are fermented fish sauces very popular at their time: Garum was particular famous in the Ancient Roman world (used as early as the fifth century BC) while very expensive and Nam Pla is probably also famous but used particular in the current Thai, Filipino, Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian cuisine and is nowadays relatively cheap“.

As a side note and unknown to many, the original Worcestershire sauce is a related product because it is fermented and contains anchovies. Of course, fake sauces might exist nowadays.

Today, nobody knows exactly how garum was tasted and the real production process of garum has only been reproduced in ways scientist think it has been made originally. Nam Pla has also many different flavors but every Thai knows how it tastes. Exact commercial recipes might be hidden, though.

Garum was as expensive as the best perfumeries used in those days and was very nutritious. It was transported in Amphorae stacked in stables during transports while of course today’s Nam Pla’s is available in small glass bottles or even plastic ones for larger quantities.

Garum was even distributed to Roman legions but because of its costs, it was diluted with water (hydrogarum). Garum itself was often mixed with wine, oenogarum, vinegar, black pepper, honey or oil and served to dishes similar as it is with todays Nam Pla in another time and place. Nam Pla probably was never very expensive.

Both fermented fish sauce condiments were part of a daily cuisine although garum was probably too expensive for the poorer population. They might have used a cheaper or different version. Nam Pla on the other hand is used daily in every household in Thailand.

Since I do not like fish at all, I’m the least one concerned with its taste but when you are visiting Thailand you’ll take Nam Pla with every lunch or dinner..if you like this or not. Perhaps that addition makes the Thai cuisine so famous!

garum, hydrogarum, nam pla, worcestershire sauce, fermented fish sauce, ancient cuisine, roman, thai, thailand, italy

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Disclaimer: The owner and/or webmaster of the site is not responsible how the site is used or for any incompleteness or inaccuracy in texts, words, graphics or videos for whatever reason! Advertisement may appear anywhere on the site; in posts, sidebars, header and footer as text, graphics affiliate links or videos, intentionally or not! We may profit from any affiliate link, directly or indirectly. Article-atheaneum.com rejects any responsibility for information shown in 3rd party ads or sites. Article-atheaneum.com’s users following links to other sides and/or taken action there are doing this on their own risk. The opinion mentioned in posts are not necessarily that of the site’s owner, webmaster or operator. No legal advise is given, ever. Ask your own lawyer.

© 2011, Article-Athenaeum – Another Point Of Views. All rights reserved worldwide.

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 18, 2011 at 4:36 pm

Categories: Cuisine.Cooking   Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Biological Classification of Natural Acne Remedies #2

After the first part of the biological classification introduction, here is the scond part of it and the acne remedies influences to the skin:

Tannins

The action of these natural acne remedies consists in drying the skin and in narrowing of the pores, which are on its surface, as well as bactericidal action. Tannins very often are used in cosmetic products intended for care of oily skin. The greatest quantity of tannins is observed in an oak bark and yarrow.

Pectinaceous substances

These substances form a protective surface on a skin and they are widely used in cosmetology manufacture. The protective film, that pectin forms has a bactericidal and stimulating curative functions. The greatest maintenance of these acne remedies is observed in fruits, especially in their dense superficial thin skin (citrus, apples, a gooseberry, a currant).

Saponins

These natural acne remedies are liquid substances possessing bactericidal properties and can be found in the intercellular layer of almost all plants. They are used for manufacturing of cosmetic preparations of hair stimulating growth.

Vitamins

The most important component which is used from vegetative material are vitamins. Almost all plants are a unique natural source of vitamins which surpass all industrial analogues in biological availability.

Carotin

Provitamin A, a carotin molecule being split in a digestive path forms two molecules of retinol (vitamin A). Retinol humidifies a skin and promotes acceleration of its regeneration. The most valuable source of carotin are carrots. Also these acne remedies contain in all vegetables and fruits of red or orange colour.

Vitamins of B group

The main sources of B vitamins are exclusively plants. Such preparations as ?1, ?2, ?6, ?5 and folic acid or ?9 are formed only in vegetative fabrics. The person acquires these vital acne remedies exclusively with vegetative food. The basic action of these compounds on a skin consists in stimulation of regenerative processes. B5 possesses properties of strengthening the hair so it is often used as a part of shampoos and balms. cereal cultures are the main sources of vitamins of B group.

Vitamin C and E

These two vitamins are human body antioxidants and natural acne remedies. Their basic action consists in linkage of extremely dangerous products of lipid oxidation. Regulating a hormonal background, these vitamins promote regeneration of a skin and its humidifying. Besides ascorbic acid possesses direct bactericidal action. Vitamin C can be found of a considerable quantity in citrus fruits, in currant, gooseberry, sea buckthorn berries, cranberry, mountain ash. Tocopherol or vitamin E is in salad, corn, sunflower.

Apparently plants are valuable enough source of various biologically active substances which are necessary for a human body and for its normal functions. Besides, all these substances allocated of herbs are valuable natural acne remedies and a source for manufacturing of many cosmetic preparations.

acne, scin care, biological classification, natural acne remedies, tannins, pectinaceous substances, saponins, vitamins

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Disclaimer: The owner and/or webmaster of the site is not responsible how the site is used or for any incompleteness or inaccuracy in texts, words, graphics or videos for whatever reason! Advertisement may appear anywhere on the site; in posts, sidebars, header and footer as text, graphics affiliate links or videos, intentionally or not! We may profit from any affiliate link, directly or indirectly. Article-atheaneum.com rejects any responsibility for information shown in 3rd party ads or sites. Article-atheaneum.com’s users following links to other sides and/or taken action there are doing this on their own risk. The opinion mentioned in posts are not necessarily that of the site’s owner, webmaster or operator. No legal advise is given, ever. Ask your own lawyer.

© 2011, Article-Athenaeum – Another Point Of Views. All rights reserved worldwide.

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 17, 2011 at 6:28 pm

Categories: Beauty.Skincare   Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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